first_imgGlas za Zadar tijekom 20 dana izbora za destinaciju godine, na uglednom belgijskom portalu “European Best Destinations” kojega prati oko 2,5 milijuna ljudi, došao je gotovo sa svih svjetskih kontinenata, a jedan glas podrške hrvatskom i mediteranskom biseru stigao je čak s Bahama. Glasalo je nikad više ljudi: ukupno 288,992 ili 17,9 posto više nego 2015., dok je Zadar kao pobjednik izbora dobio također rekordnih 57,616 glasova, od čega je 53,4 posto glasova stiglo izvan Hrvatske. Veseli činjenica kako je pola glasova stiglo izvan Hrvatske, nadam se kako će ti glasovi u sljedećoj turističkoj sezoni doći u Zadar i tako postati dio priče kojoj su dali glas.When we talk about free promotion only during the election campaign in 20 days, Zadar was directly or indirectly mentioned in more than 780 newspaper articles and more than 6400 comments with 118,487 shares or so-called shares on Facebook pages, and the massive mobilization included 96,875 new likes.Last year’s winner Bordeaux had a 16 per cent growth in tourismKakve turističke rezultate izbor EBD portala može donijeti pobjedniku, u ovogodišnjem slučaju Zadru? – pitanje je na koje ćemo odgovor dobiti početkom sljedeće godine, kada se turistički promet i ukupno poimanje turizma u Zadru stavi pod povećalo. Kako se to laskavo priznanje i vrhunska turistička preporuka može pretočiti u uspjeh pokazao je primjer Bordeauxa, prošlogodišnjeg pobjednika izbora za najbolju europsku destinaciju. Ukupni turistički promet u Bordeauxu povećao se za gotovo 16 place, dok je broj međunarodnih dolazaka zabilježenih na aerodromu “Bordeaux Merignac Airport” porastao za 10,7 place. Prvi čovjek turizma u Bordeauxu Nicolas Martin pohvalio se još jednom činjenicom proizašlom iz prošlogodišnje pobjede Bordeauxa u izboru za najbolju europsku destinaciju portala “European Best Destinations” „ Revenues per room in all categories of hotels in Bordeaux increased by as much as 12,26 percent, with significantly higher arrivals of guests from Britain, Germany, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium and Italy.”Nicolas Martin points out.Zahvaljujući društvenim mrežama i kampanji #BirajZadar koju je volonterski vodila skupina mladih entuzijasta u suradnji s TZ Zadra, Zadar su podržale, među ostalima, i velike svjetske sportske zvijezde Luka Modrić i Colllin Jackson te svjetski top model Helena Šopar, a svoj glas Zadru dao je i velika japanska televizijska zvijezda, masterchef  Toshihiro Nakatsuji.The Zadar Tourist Board took great advantage of the opportunity, regardless of the final result, and created a positive buzz through social media. For this purpose, special promotional visuals, videos, websites were created and the reach of the entire campaign was impressive – a total of 780 journalistic articles that generated free PR and when we add up the reach via social networks, we can certainly say that a great job was done.The story is just beginningBut this story is not the end, in fact, it is just the beginning. On the example of Bordeaux, we saw the potential in increasing tourist traffic, and for Tz Zadar the work is just beginning. It is necessary to justify this flattering title of the best European tourist destination, but also to generate growth in both tourist arrivals and tourist traffic.”The city and the Tourist Board will continue to invest even more in public areas and infrastructure, in programs and further presentation and branding of Zadar. In a word, more and more people will invest in tourism at all levels, so its quality will be better and better.”Said Dražen Grgurović, Deputy President of the Tourist Board of the City Tourist BoardWe hope that Zadar is aware of the potential and opportunities and that only now they need to increase investment in tourism at all levels. The conclusion is clear: Zadar has made good use of the opportunity offered to it, but the real work is only just beginning.last_img read more

Posted in taxswawl

first_imgWhile tourism experts in Bol on Brač, as part of the Croatian Tourism Day, are discussing the future and further development of our tourism, the Government presented at today’s session a tax reform that according to current information plans to raise VAT in tourism from the current 13 percent to 25 percent! At the presentation of the tax reform today, Minister of Finance Marić pointed out that the proposal that from January 1, 2018, there should be only two VAT rates, 12 percent lower and 24 percent lower.Are we cutting the only branch we are sitting on? It should not be forgotten that the tourism sector has been “saving” the state budget from collapse for years and makes up 20 percent of the country’s GDP. Also, the past as well as this tourist season are record in terms of overnight stays and tourist arrivals, as well as in terms of income, and this year the income from tourism is expected to be over a record eight billion euros. If we want the Croatian tourism industry to be more internationally competitive, it certainly cannot with the highest VAT rate in Europe, and thus cannot attract new investments in tourism.We will find out soon how the new Minister of Tourism Gary Capelli will react to this news, but one thing is for sure, the tourism sector will certainly not be thrilled with the VAT increase as the reduction of VAT to 5% has been encouraged and discussed for years. to others in the international market, not about increasing.With 13 percent for accommodation and 25 percent for tourism services, Croatia has the highest VAT for tourist services in the entire competitive Mediterranean. The VAT rate on accommodation in the Mediterranean is the highest in Croatia with the current 13%, followed by France 10%, Italy 10%, Spain 10%, Slovenia 9,5%, Bulgaria, 9%, Cyprus 9%, Greece 6,5 , 6% and Portugal with only XNUMX%.Tax reform with the planned two VAT rates, lower 12 and general 24 percent would increase the price of products that have so far been in a special reduced tax category of 5% VAT such as bread, milk, books, textbooks, medicines, medical equipment and supplies, as well as cinema tickets and daily newspapers. We wonder how much prices will rise on islands where prices are still higher due to the cost of transport. Also, it raises the question of the quality of life in the already deserted cities and islands on the Adriatic outside the tourist season. And if there are no people, there is neither life nor tourism. Also, one of the novelties of the tax reform is that the single general income tax rate is reduced from 20 to 18 percent, while the income tax rate for farmers and craftsmen with incomes of less than three million kuna per year would be 12 percent. It was also announced that the tax for holiday homes and the tax on the company will be abolished from 01.01.2017.Tax reform is going to a public debate as well as a vote in Parliament. Again, it is all up to us to fight and give our opinion in an argumentative way.last_img read more

Posted in njlmtazq

first_imgChildren who have neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy or epilepsy are no more likely to be vaccinated against influenza than youngsters without these conditions, despite the increased risk for complications from flu these children experience. Moreover, health care providers may not be familiar with the increased risk among these patients to effectively recommend influenza vaccine.Those are the findings of a study by a research team from the University of Louisville and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published online today in the journal Vaccine.Michael J. Smith, M.D., is an associate professor in the UofL Department of Pediatrics and a pediatric infectious disease specialist with University of Louisville Physicians. Smith is lead author of the study that is the first to estimate the rates of flu vaccination among children with neurological or neurodevelopmental disorders (NNDDs). LinkedIn Share on Twitter Email Pinterestcenter_img Share Share on Facebook “Our research shows that influenza vaccination in children with NNDDs is comparable to vaccination in healthy children – but both rates are suboptimal,” Smith said. “More education about the need for annual influenza vaccination is needed, both for parents and health care providers.”Overall, 2,138 surveys were completed by parents of children with at least one high-risk condition of any kind. Of these, 1,143 were completed by parents of children with at least one NNDD and 516 by parents of children with more than one NNDD. In the survey of providers, 412 physicians participated. The researchers worked with Family Voices, a national advocacy group for children with special health care needs, and the American Academy of Pediatrics to recruit survey participants in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.Overall, 47 percent of parents reported that their children had received or were scheduled to receive seasonal flu vaccine; among the group of NNDD parents, the rate was only slightly higher at 50 percent.The major driver to have a child vaccinated was not the presence of an NNDD, however, but the presence of a chronic respiratory condition, although several studies show that children with NNDDs are at increased risk of complications from flu. According to a 2013 study in the journal Pediatrics, one-third of reported pediatric influenza-related deaths between 2004 and 2012 in the United States occurred in children with NNDDs.“The reasons for the increased severity of influenza among these children are uncertain,” Smith said. “We do know, however, that an NNDD, intellectual disability, was the most common NNDD associated with pediatric deaths during the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic. A better understanding of the attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that influence flu vaccination of children with NNDDs such as intellectual disability is needed.”Parents who did not vaccinate their children were asked why. More than one-third of the 1,140 respondents – 38 percent – said they had concerns about how the vaccine would affect their child. Another 32 percent expressed concerns about the safety of the vaccine.Among the 412 physicians who participated, 74 percent recognized that children with another NNDD, cerebral palsy, were at higher risk from flu but other NNDDs were not so highly recognized as posing risk: epilepsy at 51 percent and intellectual disability at 46 percent.last_img read more

Posted in ihodgrjg

first_imgShare on Twitter Email Share on Facebook Pinterest Risher and colleagues, including senior author Scott Swartzwelder, Ph.D., a professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke and Senior Research Career Scientist at the Durham VA Medical Center, periodically exposed young rodents to a level of alcohol during adolescence that, in humans, would result in impairment, but not sedation. Afterward, these animals received no further exposure to alcohol, and grew into adulthood – which in rats occurred within 24 to 29 days.Earlier studies by the Duke team and others have shown that adolescent animals exposed to alcohol grow into adults that are much less adept at memory tasks than normal animals – even with no further alcohol exposure.What has not been known is how these impairments manifest at the cellular level in the region of the brain known as the hippocampus, where memory and learning are controlled.Using small electrical stimuli applied to the hippocampus, the Duke team measured a cellular mechanism called long-term potentiation, or LTP, which is the strengthening of brain synapses as they are used to learn new tasks or conjure memories.Learning occurs best when this synaptic activity is vigorous enough to build strong signal transmissions between neurons. LTP is highest in the young, and effective learning is crucial for adolescents to acquire large amounts of new memory during the transition to adulthood.The researchers expected they would find abnormally diminished LTP in the adult rats that had been exposed to alcohol during their adolescence. Surprisingly, however, LTP was actually hyperactive in these animals compared to the unexposed rodents.“At first blush, you would think the animals would be smarter,” Swartzwelder said. “But that’s the opposite of what we found. And it actually does make sense, because if you produce too much LTP in one of these circuits, there is a period of time where you can’t produce any more. The circuit is saturated, and the animal stops learning. For learning to be efficient, your brain needs a delicate balance of excitation and inhibition – too much in either direction and the circuits do not work optimally.”Importantly, the LTP abnormality was accompanied by a structural change in individual nerve cells that Swartzwelder, Risher and colleagues identified. The tiny protrusions from the branches of the cells, called dendritic spines, had appeared lanky and spindly, suggesting immaturity. Mature spines are shorter and look a bit like mushrooms, refining cell-to-cell communication.“Something happens during adolescent alcohol exposure that changes the way the hippocampus and other regions of the brain function and how the cells actually look – both the LTP and the dendritic spines have an immature appearance in adulthood,” Swartzwelder said.Risher said this immature quality of the brain cells might be associated with behavioral immaturity. In addition to spine changes in the hippocampus, which affects learning, colleagues of the Duke group have shown structural changes in other brain regions that control impulsiveness and emotionality.“It’s quite possible that alcohol disrupts the maturation process, which can affect these cognitive function later on,” she said. “That’s something we are eager to explore in ongoing studies.”The researchers said additional studies would focus on the longer-term cognitive effects of alcohol on brains, along with additional cellular changes.center_img LinkedIn Repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in long-lasting changes in the region of the brain that controls learning and memory, according to a research team at Duke Medicine that used a rodent model as a surrogate for humans.The study, published April 27 in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, provides new insights at the cellular level for how alcohol exposure during adolescence, before the brain is fully developed, can result in cellular and synaptic abnormalities that have enduring, detrimental effects on behavior.“In the eyes of the law, once people reach the age of 18, they are considered adult, but the brain continues to mature and refine all the way into the mid-20s,” said lead author Mary-Louise Risher, Ph.D., a post-doctoral researcher in the Duke Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. “It’s important for young people to know that when they drink heavily during this period of development, there could be changes occurring that have a lasting impact on memory and other cognitive functions.” Sharelast_img read more

Posted in ucaajwge

first_imgResearch suggests that children begin to tell lies somewhere around ages 2 and 3, and studies have shown a correlation between children’s theory of mind and their tendency to lie. Psychological scientists Genyue Fu of Hangzhou Normal University in China, Kang Lee of the University of Toronto in Canada, and colleagues wanted to see if they could find causal evidence for a link between the two.The researchers first conducted a hide-and-seek task to identify children who hadn’t yet started lying. The children were shown a selection of stickers and were asked to pick their favorite one — they were told that they could only keep the sticker if they successfully won 10 candies from the hide-and-seek game. In the game, the child was told to hide a candy under one of two cups while the researcher’s eyes were closed. The researcher then opened his or her eyes, asked the child where the candy was hidden, and chose whichever cup the child pointed to. Thus, the child could only win the candy by lying to the experimenter about its location.A total of 42 children who never lied – who told the truth about the location of the candy on each of the 10 trials — were selected to continue with the study. The children, who were around 3 years old, were randomly assigned to complete either theory-of-mind training or control tasks focused on quantitative reasoning.The theory-of-mind training included the standard false-contents task, in which children were shown a pencil box and asked what they thought was inside. When it was revealed that the box didn’t actually contain pencils, they were asked to reason about what other people would think was in the box. The goal of the training was to teach kids that people can know and believe different things — that is, even though the child has learned the true contents of the box, someone else would probably believe that the box contained pencils.The children completed the training tasks or quantitative tasks every other day, for a total of six sessions. After the sessions were complete, the researchers again tested the children on the theory-of-mind tasks and the hide-and-seek tasks.As expected, children who received theory-of-mind training showed improvement on the theory-of-mind tasks over time, while the children in the control group did not.More importantly, the children who received the theory-of-mind training were also more likely to lie in the hide-and-seek task compared to those in the control group. And this difference held over a 30-day period.While the findings don’t shed light on the specific components of training that underlie the effect, the researchers believe their findings provide concrete evidence for a causal link between theory of mind and social behaviors like lying.“By increasing their sensitivity to mental states and engaging them in reasoning about false beliefs, we enabled young children not only to quickly apply their newly acquired knowledge to solve a problem in a social situation but also to continue to do so more than a month later,” Lee and colleagues write. “Taken together, these two findings also suggest that children were not just mechanically memorizing what they were taught in the ToM training sessions; rather, they were able to consolidate the knowledge and use it adaptively to solve a social problem they were facing.” Share on Twitter Pinterest Email Share on Facebookcenter_img Share LinkedIn Kids who are taught to reason about the mental states of others are more likely to use deception to win a reward, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.The findings indicate that developing “theory of mind” (ToM) — a cognitive ability critical to many social interactions — may enable children to engage in the sophisticated thinking necessary for intentionally deceiving another person.“Telling a lie successfully requires deliberately creating a false belief in the mind of the lie recipient, and ToM could provide an important cognitive tool to enable children to do so,” the researchers write.last_img read more

Posted in ihodgrjg

first_imgPinterest LinkedIn Email Share on Facebook Share on Twittercenter_img Opting for smaller rewards immediately instead of waiting for bigger payoffs later is associated with problems such as impulsivity and addiction to food, drugs and alcohol. Now, new research indicates that such decision-making tendencies have a genetic link to brain pathways that underlie these disorders.The researchers, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, report their findings Tuesday, Dec. 8, at the annual meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, in Hollywood, Fla.Studying adolescent twins, the researchers found that genes linked to the brain’s serotonin and kappa opioid receptors — neuronal receptors associated with mood, depression and addiction — also play a role in whether a person will choose an immediate reward over a more sizeable payoff later. The scientists also learned that adolescents become slightly more likely to accept delayed rewards as they age but that those who prefer immediate rewards tend to continue choosing quick payoffs. Share “Every day we make decisions about obtaining immediate gains, which come at the cost of delayed but larger advantages,” said principal investigator Andrey Anokhin, PhD, associate professor of psychiatry. “We found that many such decisions are explained by genetic factors that also are related to mood and impulsivity.”Anokhin’s team studied 310 adolescent identical or fraternal twin pairs and asked them questions about money. At 12 years of age, and again at age 14, they were given the choice of receiving $7 immediately or $10 in the mail two weeks later. At age 12, 35 percent decided to take $7 right away instead of more money later. That number fell to 27.5 percent when the same kids were presented the scenario at age 14.In subsequent experiments at ages 16, 18 and 20, the same subjects were offered hypothetical monetary rewards, $80 now or $100 six months from now, for example.“We vary the amount of the reward available immediately, the amount of the delayed reward and the time they would have to wait,” Anokhin said. “If you offer someone the choice between $95 today or $100 in six months, most people would rather have the cash immediately. But what if the choice is between $85 today or $100 in three months? At that point, some people prefer delaying the reward to make an extra $15.”Because the adolescent study subjects were twins, the researchers were able to use mathematical formulas to analyze the impact of genetic factors on their decisions. The scientists looked at several genes previously linked to impulsivity and substance use.First, they found that serotonin genes were involved. But a closer look indicated that genes related to kappa opioid receptors on brain cells appeared to be even more crucial in making these decisions, Anokhin explained.“The top three genes we’ve identified so far are linked to those receptors,” he said.Serotonin genes and kappa opioid receptor genes are connected to mood. In animal studies, both types of receptors have been linked to behaviors associated with depression and addiction, and Anokhin said the new research indicates they also appear linked to whether a person chooses immediate over delayed rewards.When an individual doesn’t want to wait for a larger reward, that could be an indication that the person is impulsive, Anokhin said. Impulsivity increases the risk for problems such as alcoholism, drug addiction and obesity.As twins in the study have aged, Anokhin and his colleagues have begun looking for possible connections between this sort of decision-making and binge drinking, drug use and nicotine dependence.“We need to look more closely before drawing conclusions, but we want to see what the consequences of the differences we’ve identified are for real-life behaviors,” he said.last_img read more

Posted in taxswawl

first_imgShare on Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn “In this study, we found changes primarily in brain regions connected to sensation and sensory processing,”said co-principal investigator Kevin J. Black, MD, a professor of psychiatry.Differences in those brain regions make sense, Black said, because many people with Tourette’s explain that their tics occur mainly as a response to unusual sensations. The feeling that a part of the body doesn’t seem right, for example, prompts an involuntary sigh, vocalization, cough or twitch.“Just as you or I might cough or sneeze due to a cold, a person with Tourette’s frequently will have a feeling that something is wrong, and the tic makes it feel better,” Black said. “A young man who frequently clears his throat may report that doing so is a reaction to a tickle or some other unusual sensation in his throat. Or a young woman will move her shoulder when it feels strange, and the movement, which is a tic, will make the shoulder feel better.”In the largest study of its kind, the researchers conducted MRI scans at four U.S. sites to study the brains of 103 children with Tourette’s and compared them with scans of another 103 kids of the same age and sex but without the disorder. The scans of the children with Tourette’s revealed significantly more gray matter in the thalamus, the hypothalamus and the midbrain than in those without the disorder.The gray matter is where the brain processes information. It’s made up mainly of cells such as neurons, glial cells and dendrites, as well as axons that extend from neurons to carry signals.In kids with Tourette’s, the researchers also found less white matter around the orbital prefrontal cortex, just above the eyes, and in the medial prefrontal cortex, also near the front, than in kids without the condition.White matter acts like the brain’s wiring. It consists of axons that — unlike the axons in gray matter — are coated with myelin and transmit signals to the gray matter. Less white matter could mean less efficient transmission of sensations, whereas extra gray matter could mean nerve cells are sending extra signals.Black said it’s not possible to know yet whether the extra gray matter is transmitting information that somehow contributes to tics or whether reduced amounts of white matter elsewhere in the brains of kids with Tourette’s may somehow influence the movements and vocalizations that characterize the disorder. But he said that discovering these changes in the brain could give scientists new targets to better understand and treat Tourette’s.“This doesn’t tell us what happened to make the brain look this way,” Black explained. “Are there missing cells in certain places, or are the cells just smaller? And are these regions changing as the brain tries to resist tics? Or are the differences we observed contributing to problems with tics? We simply don’t know the answers yet.”Black said the researchers will aim to replicate these findings in additional patients and determine if and how the brain regions they identified may contribute to Tourette’s syndrome, with a goal of developing more effective therapies. Share on Facebookcenter_img Using MRIs, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified areas in the brains of children with Tourette’s syndrome that appear markedly different from the same areas in the brains of children who don’t have the neuropsychiatric disorder.The findings are available online Oct. 25 in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.Tourette’s syndrome is defined by tics — involuntary, repetitive movements and vocalizations. Scientists estimate that the condition affects roughly one to 10 kids out of every 1,000 children. Email Sharelast_img read more

Posted in kirlkiav

first_imgShare Email Pinterest Share on Facebook LinkedIncenter_img New research indicates religious individuals are more likely to cheat but that this tendency can be diminished by prayer. But the study in Religion, Brain & Behavior suggests that prayer can have the opposite effect on non-believers.“A number of studies show that religious primes increase moral behavior via fear of God. While petitionary prayers prime religiosity and thus serve as religious primes, they also often imply and supply external attributions of control. External attribution of control have been associated with decreased moral behavior, including cheating,” said study author Victoria K. Alogna of the University of Otago.“For these reasons, we thought that petitionary prayer could have the opposite effect as other religious primes, decreasing moral behavior via external attributions of control. We tested these competing hypotheses in this study.” Share on Twitter In the study, 98 non-religious and 153 religious Americans completed an online Swahili translation task that provided them an opportunity to cheat by looking up words. The participants were asked to guess the meanings of 17 Swahili words using only their intuition. They were informed that the highest scoring participants would receive a $100 reward.Before completing this task, half of the participants were asked to compose a prayer. They were told that “research suggests that writing a prayer, even if you don’t believe in God, can improve performance on intuitive tasks.”The researchers found that religious participants were more inclined to cheat than non-religious participants overall. The prayer request, on the other hand, was associated with a decreased likelihood of cheating among religious participants — but an increased likelihood of cheating among non-religious participants.“Although in need of replication and extension, our results suggest that asking God for help may have different implications for moral behavior, depending on participants’ religious beliefs, with prayer decreasing cheating among believers (by reducing their inflated cheating) and increasing cheating among non-believers. This may be due to believers’ and nonbelievers’ different conceptions of their own and God’s control,” Alogna told PsyPost.All research includes some limitations, however, and the current study is no exception.“Religiosity, attributions of control, and views about God were measured before participants were randomly assigned to pray or not pray. Participants in both conditions were probably primed with their attitudes and beliefs prior to praying, which may have strengthened the effects of prayer and served as a religious priming manipulation in the control,” Alogna explained.“Our cheating measure only captures one domain of cheating, and results may not generalize to others (such as infidelity or fraud). Lastly, this study focused on a mostly Christian population, which implies certain schemas about God and prayer that may limit the generalizability of these results to other populations,” Alogna said.The study, “The divergent effects of prayer on cheating“, was authored by Victoria K. Alogna and Jamin Halberstadt.last_img read more

Posted in ucaajwge

first_imgShare on Facebook Pinterest Share on Twitter Share LinkedIncenter_img Email New research published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine — the first of its kind — has shed light on the biological effects of experiencing a BDSM interaction.The findings provide preliminary evidence that power exchanges between consensual partners result in measurable changes in biomarkers related to reward and stress.“When starting medicine, I already knew my interests lay in psychiatry and sexuality in particular,” said Elise Wuyts, a psychiatrist in training at the University of Antwerp and the corresponding author of the new study. “The opportunity to help lessen stigma surrounding BDSM, which is widely-practiced and yet poorly understood, was something I could not turn down. The fact that this kind of study had never been done before made it even more fascinating.”In the study, 35 BDSM couples recruited through the website FetLife visited a sex club, where they were instructed to “play” with their partner for 30 to 90 minutes. The participants provided blood samples immediately before, immediately after, and 15 minutes after their play session. A separate group of 27 individuals not involved in BDSM visited a sports club and also provided three blood samples.The blood samples were then analyzed to measure various hormone levels.The researchers found that levels of cortisol increased in submissive BDSM partners — but not dominant partners — as a result of the play. The findings “confirm our hypothesis that a BDSM interaction seems to elicit a stress response from the body,” the researchers said.Among dominant partners, engaging in more power play was associated with greater increases in endocannabinoid levels. In submissive partners, however, different levels of power play were not associated with differences in any of the hormones. But the presence of pain play was associated with higher levels the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol in submissive partners.“It is a clear indication that a BDSM interaction in general, and pain experience within this interaction specifically, elicits a biological pleasure response in the submissive party. Dominants, on the other hand, seem to derive more pleasure from the aspect of power play and the control they have over the submissive person,” the researchers explained.“Even though the idea of including power imbalances and pain in (sexual) intimacy is something many people struggle with, enjoying these practices has a biological basis and could for instance be compared to the pleasurable high that long-distance runners experience,” Wuyts told PsyPost.“Because this is a pilot study, it is only scratching the surface of what can be said about the biology of BDSM. This is only one study of one BDSM sample population in Belgium. It would be interesting to see if the results can be reproduced with other cultures or larger sample sizes.”“The study we’ve conducted on exploring the biology of BDSM still has a lot of data left unexplored, so we’re hopeful more interesting results will come from it,” Wuyts said.The study, “Between Pleasure and Pain: A Pilot Study on the Biological Mechanisms Associated With BDSM Interactions in Dominants and Submissives“, was authored by Elise Wuyts, Nele De Neef, Violette Coppens, Erik Fransen, Eline Schellens, Maarten Van Der Pol, and Manuel Morrens.last_img read more

Posted in awzhpora

first_imgDecember 18, 2009WHO finds no change in pandemic severity patternAn early look at winter pandemic flu fatalities in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres suggests severity has not changed, the World Health Organization (WHO) said today. The virus is peaking or declining in many parts of Europe, except for the north, southeast, and parts of the Russian Federation. Activity is also rising in western and central Asia, as well as northern parts of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Pandemic and seasonal strains are cocirculating in West Africa. 18 WHO updateSome countries eye returning surplus pandemic vaccineSwiss officials said today they plan to donate or sell 4.5 million surplus doses of pandemic vaccine, because uptake among the public has been low, Reuters reported. Germany and Spain have also said they want to return excess vaccine to manufacturers. Meanwhile, the Greek media reported today that government officials hope to cancel an order for 8 million vaccine doses. Immunization began in Greece a month ago, but the health ministry said citizens are skeptical and uptake has been low. 18 Reuters storyCDC spells out precautions for immunosuppressed patientsThe US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Dec 16 outlined special considerations for severely immunosuppressed patients in its updated H1N1 guidance. It said cancer chemotherapy patients, for example, are at increased risk of complications, and those with acute respiratory symptoms should receive empiric treatment, even when no fever is present. Infection control measures should be taken before test results are known to avoid spread of any resistant strains that may develop. 16 CDC updated pandemic guidance for severely immunosuppressed patientsFlu triggers cancellation of St. Louis Rams practiceThe St. Louis Rams of the National Football League canceled their practice yesterday because several players were sick with suspected H1N1 flu, the Associated Press reported. Coach Steve Spagnuolo said five or six players had flu-like illness and that others had reported symptoms the last few weeks. He called the cancellation “more of a precaution than anything” and said he expected the team would return to practice today.Clinton appoints pandemic flu ambassadorSecretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced yesterday the appointment of Dr. Keri-Ann Jones as the US special representative on avian and pandemic influenza. She will lead US involvement in the pandemic flu arena and guide the department’s response and preparedness. She was formerly the State Department’s assistant secretary for oceans and international environmental and scientific affairs where she worked in international research and emerging infectious disease issues. 17 US State Department press releaselast_img read more

Posted in uzpxiwnm