Amazon Conservation, Amazon Destruction, Amazon People, Conservation, Controversial, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Environment, Environmental Crime, Environmental Politics, Forests, Green, Land Conflict, Land Grabbing, Land Rights, Land Use Change, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforests, Saving The Amazon, Social Justice, Threats To The Amazon, Tropical Deforestation Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored The Amazonian town of Alter do Chão in Santarém municipality, Pará state, Brazil attracts 190,000 tourists annually. A battle between environmentalists (wanting to preserve the area’s forests), and land grabbers (wanting to construct high-rises and other profitable infrastructure), has been raging there for many years.As part of the wave of fires sweeping the Amazon this year, widespread blazes were set in the Alter do Chão Reserve. In the wake of the fires, police surprisingly arrested four members of Brigada de Alter, an NGO. The four are volunteer firefighters who helped put out September’s blazes.Mongabay has acquired police arresting documents revealing what lawyers say is “unfounded” and flimsy evidence. Police claimed the four set the fires with the intent of taking photos and selling them to the World Wide Fund for Nature.While the investigation is ongoing, analysts say land grabbers had the best motive for setting the fires. However, critics add, the police focus on the NGO is in line with President Jair Bolsonaro’s ongoing campaign of rhetoric discrediting Brazilian and international socioenvironmental NGOs and undermining their work in the Amazon. Burnt Amazon forest in Alter do Chão in September. Image by Jader Paes/Agência Pará/Fotos Públicas.“Don’t give money to NGOs!” Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro told viewers during a live stream on November 28. His urging came following the arrest of four volunteer firefighters belonging to NGO Brigada de Alter, accused of intentionally starting Amazon wildfires — arrests viewed by many as the latest government attack on the environment and its defenders.A police operation in Pará state accused four environmentalists (Daniel Gutierrez, João Victor Pereira Romano, Gustavo de Almeida Fernandes, and Marcelo Cwerver) of perpetrating the horrific four-day fires in the Alter do Chão Reserve in September, fires which the volunteers helped extinguish. Police also raided the headquarters of another NGO closely linked to the fire brigade, the Health and Happiness Project, and seized documents as part of their investigation.The town of Alter do Chão — site of the fires — is a popular tourist destination nicknamed the “Brazilian Caribbean,” with forests and a paradisiacal stretch of white sand beach that has been an Amazon battleground for decades, seeing fights between murky real estate interests and conservationists.“Alter [do Chão] lives 100 percent off tourism,” says Alter do Chão community council president Junior Sousa. “People are scared that [the natural locale] will become a place full of buildings that no one wants to visit.”The town of just 6,000 residents, part of Santarém municipality, attracts 190,000 tourists annually according to the Santarém Tourist Department, drawn there by its intact tropical scenery and crystal clear waters. But segments of the real estate sector, along with land grabbers, keen on gaining a slice of increasingly valuable land, want looser environmental protections. Some analysists suggest the fires were likely set by unknown members of these groups taking the law into their own hands.The town is divided in two. According to local sources (some of which requested anonymity for safety reasons), on one side, there is a rich oligarchy of families who want to develop modern beachfront buildings and condominiums. On the other, ecotourism businesses and civil society who are against edification. In a series of protests over the last years, the pro-nature group has been successful in barring changes that would allow for large-scale business ventures.The four volunteer firefighters after their first press conference. Their heads were shaved upon arrest. Daniel Gutierrez, João Victor Pereira Romano, Gustavo de Almeida Fernandes, and Marcelo Cwerver are long-time environmentalists and run ecotourism businesses in Alter do Chão. Image by Tiago Silveira.A history of NGO harassmentThe arrest of the four Fire Brigade members, who were also on the frontlines extinguishing the September wildfires, sparked surprise and outrage from Brazilian civil society who say the bogus charges aim to discredit the work of reputable NGOs in the Amazon. “This attempt at criminalizing and persecuting NGOs that have a history of dedication to the protection of the forest is unacceptable,” said former environment minister Marina Silva on Twitter.The four men were released shortly after their arrest, though continue to be under investigation. They donned bright yellow shirts emblazoned with the volunteer fire brigade logo, and spoke to the press: “We receive daily threats from WhatsApp groups from Alter do Chão. That really scares us,” said Daniel Gutierrez. “We just want to go back to our normal lives and continue working with the fire brigade.”The fire brigade isn’t the only NGO under assault in the town. “We are being massacred and threatened,” says Caetano Scannavino, coordinator for the Health and Happiness Project. “There is an ongoing defamation campaign against NGOs and anyone linked to environmental and indigenous movements.”Just two days before the arrests, members representing the area’s environmental and indigenous organizations submitted an official complaint alleging irregularities in the construction of a condominium complex. That complaint came as one of the most recent rounds in the decades-long battle over zoning, development and conservation in Alter do Chão.A 2017 bill sought to change zoning rules allowing construction of high-rise buildings and legalizing extensive deforestation, but was defeated. Local NGOs say they remain in the forefront of efforts preventing abrasive development and profit-led degradation, while preserving the natural character of the Brazilian Caribbean. “We managed to revert the bill,” Scannavino told Mongabay, “and it is possible that this bothered other sectors.”Santarém Mayor Nélio Aguiar says there are sufficiently rigorous environmental laws in place, and believes that those regulations are vital to the local economy. But he adds, “We need to conciliate development with nature using ecological tourism as a key tool.” The mayor called this year’s fires criminal, and was surprised to see the volunteers hauled in as suspects. “This is a group of volunteers that were trained by public firefighters and their mission is to combat the fires,” Aguiar noted.Volunteer firefighters hug family members after their conditional release on bail. Image courtesy of Brigada Alter do Chão/Fotos Públicas.Evidence against fire brigade flimsyIn an audio file obtained by news media outlet Repórter Brasil, Aguiar phoned the state governor Helder Barbalho during the fires, asking for help to contain the flames and warning that armed men who have the support of the police are behind the fires, casting suspicion on the validity of the local police report fingering the NGO.The impartiality of Alexandre Rizzi, the judge issuing the fire brigade arrest and search warrant, was also called into question, when a 1994 news clip surfaced of him criticizing Greenpeace activists for protesting illegal wood harvesting. Rizzi, the owner of Maderizzi, a now-defunct logging company, says his past has no bearing on his ability to fairly judge the case: “I have never had conflict with any organizations.… I carry on firm and ready to judge any citizen regardless of creed, ideology or political party,” Rizzi said. State-level police have been given 30 days to complete their investigation. Critics say the arrest and search warrants Rizzi signed contain “no evidence.”Mongabay gained access to the police files. Among the proof presented is an intercepted quote by Gustavo de Almeida Fernandes, one of the accused ande Health and Happiness Project’s logistics director. He tells an unnamed caller: “There’s going to be a lot of fire, including on the routes you’ll be on.”The police interpreted this as incriminatory: “it is clear that he is referring to orchestrated fires since it’s not possible to foresee the location of a fire,” said the report. But Defense lawyer Michel Durans dismisses that possibility, noting that the location of contested forests is common knowledge to local residents.In another intercepted communication, one fire brigade volunteer is described as being the person who “most burns” and “puts out green in the Amazon,” an apparent joking reference to the fire brigade member’s marijuana smoking. The investigation interprets the statement as an admission of guilt.A day after the arrests, the Federal Police Bureau came forward, saying that a federal investigation of the fires has been underway since September, but with opposite findings. “No elements point to the participation of volunteer firefighters or civil society organizations,” it said in a statement. “On the contrary, the federal investigation points to land grabbers, disorderly occupation and real estate speculation as the causes of environmental damage in Alter.”Mongabay reached out to both federal and state police but was informed neither were giving interviews.Police report excerpt screen shot Portuguese translation to English: In an intercepted conversation between Gustavo, the director of logistics at NGO Project Health and Happiness, and the caller identified as Cecilia, he warns her to come prepared to Alter do Chão, because, in his own words, “there will be a lot of fire, including on the routes that you’ll be passing” [Note: not an exact quote] making it perceptible that he is referring to orchestrated fires since it’s not possible to predict, even at this time of year, the dates and locations where there will be fire […]Bolsonaro’s inflammatory roleA surge in August-September wildfires and 2019 deforestation has come in the wake of President Jair Bolsonaro’s anti-environmental rhetoric, reportedly emboldening ranchers, farmers and land grabbers to commit crimes without fear of prosecution. Wildfires explicitly set in the president’s name occurred on Aug 10, called the Day of Fire, in Novo Progresso municipality in Pará state.Also since Bolsonaro came to power, federal environmental agency employees have faced firing and intimidation and his administration has announced plans to open indigenous territories to mining. In August, the president fired the director of the Brazilian Institute of Space Research (INPE) after dubbing as a “a lie” new data showing a sharp increase in Amazon deforestation. Recent satellite data shows a 41 percent increase in deforestation in the state of Pará between 2018 and 2019.Bolsonaro early on blamed NGOs for this year’s Amazon wildfires without any evidence: “This could be criminal activity by those ‘NGOers’ to damage my reputation and the Brazilian government,” he told journalists outside the presidential palace.The police statement against the fire brigade seems to be in line with Bolsonaro’s narrative. It claims that the volunteers set the fires in order to sell pictures to the World Wildlife Foundation for personal financial gain. The accused, who work as tourist guides in the region, stress that their volunteer work is unpaid and that their aim is to protect nature.Their lawyers refute police accusations, calling the evidence so far presented “unfounded.” Durans notes that “The audio transcripts and videos presented so far are incredibly fragile and have been analyzed completely out of context.”The governor of Pará, Helder Barbalho, replaced the head of investigations on Nov 28 to “clear things up in the fastest and most transparent way,” and police Internal Affairs is now investigating the case.Banner image caption: The four volunteer firefighters accused of setting the fires. Image by Tiago Silveira.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Glenn Scherer
The Turtle’s flight crew. Mrs Jordan of Marine Parade, Fremantle baked a cake with red, white and blue icing and the South Perth Zoo gave them a kangaroo they really didn’t want.For they were about to set a world distance record and every kilo counted.But being obliging and polite, in September 1946, the US Navy pilots accepted the 16kg, 9-month old grey Kangaroo named “Joey” for their record-setting non-stop flight from Perth to Seattle and possibly Washington DC.The flight crew made up of Commanders Eugene Rankin, Tom Davies, Walter Reid and Roy Tabeling were top US Navy pilots who were testing the capabilities of the new Lockheed Neptune patrol plane.In fact, the plane to be used for the record flight, called “Turtle”, was the third off the production line.The West Australian reported that Mrs Jordan’s cake even carried the inscription “To the Turtle’s Good Luck” and one of the pilots said; “It’s typical of the hospitality that the Perth people have given us since we’ve been here.”The crew of the Turtle were overwhelmed with the friendless of Perth people who flocked to see the plane.Many set up picnics to watch the test flying ahead of the record flight.And those test flights highlighted a problem with the fuel-laden Turtle which could not sustain flight if one engine failed just after take-off.At the time the two runways at Perth would have put the Turtle over Perth after take-off and a danger to residents, so the operation was moved to Pearce.According to a paper authored by Captain Victor S. Gulliver, U.S. Navy (Ret.) the plane was known as “The Turtle,” after the Lockheed project to study extending its range.A Disney cartoonist designed the famous nose art for the plane of a determined turtle astride a bicycle sprocket turning a propeller.The Turtle was stripped. Off came turrets, guns, the main oxygen system, cabin heaters, much of the radio equipment and wing and propeller anti-icing and de-icing equipment was removed.Additional fuel tanks were installed in the nose, rear fuselage, bomb-bay and wingtip tanks added.In total, the plane could hold 8,525 gallons of fuel – more than 5,000 gallons more than a standardNeptune making the plane 13 tons over its take-off weight.To help it off the ground Rocket Assisted Take-off (RATO) units had been attached to the plane.The Lockheed Neptune, named Turtle, in Perth before the record-breaking flight to the US. Colorised by Benoit Vienne.On September 29, 1946 at 6:11pm, CDR Davies stood on the brakes as the throttles were pushed forward to maximum power.At the other end of the 1.6km runway, he could make out the throng of news reporters and photographers.According to Capt. Gulliver scattered across the air base were thousands of picnickers who came to witness the spectacle of a RATO take-off and who stood when they heard the sound of the engines being advanced to maximum power.When the slowly advancing airspeed needle touched 87 knots, Davies punched a button wired to his yoke, and the four RATO bottles fired and the speed leapt to 115kts allowed the plane to take flight – but only just.Read: Qantas breaks the tyranny of distance The Turtle lumbered out to sea over Rottnest to gain height before turning back to overfly Perth and the Darling Range and head for Alice Springs.Next was Cooktown, the Coral Sea, southern New Guinea, Bougainville, and onto the vast and empty Pacific Ocean.The crew’s only worry was Joey the kangaroo, who hunched unhappily in her crate and refused to eat or drink.However by midday of the second day as they approached California CDR Reid came up to the cockpit smiling. “Well,” he reported, “the damned kangaroo has started to eat and drink again. I guess she thinks we’re going to make it.”But while Joey was no longer a problem the weather was now becoming an issue.Severe turbulence and headwinds were playing havoc with the fuel burn and while they were well passed Seattle, Washington DC was problematic.By midday on the third day they concluded they could not safely stretch the flight all the way to Washington, DC and CDR Davies chose the Naval Air Station at Columbus, Ohio to be their final destination.At 1:28 p.m. on October 1, the Neptune’s wheels once more touched the earth after 11,236 miles and 55 hours and 17 minutes.The Turtle’s record for piston/propeller driven aircraft was only broken by Burt Rutan’s Voyager, a carbon-fibre aircraft, which made its historic around the world non-stop flight in 1986.The Turtle is preserved at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola in Florida.
Power allocation in the data center.A more realistic factor is to de-rate the plate power to a percentage determined by the practices at a particular site. Typical numbers range between 40 percent and 70 percent. Unfortunately, these numbers represent a guess representative over a server’s lifetime and are still overly conservative.Intel(r) Data Center Manager provides a one year history of power consumption that allows a much tighter bound for power consumption forecasting. At the same time, it is possible to limit power consumption to ensure that group power consumption does not exceed thresholds imposed by the utility power and the power supply infrastructure. While power proportional computing has brought down the average power consumption, it also has increased its variance significantly, that is, data center administrators can expect wide swings in power consumption during normal operation.Under-sizing the power infrastructure can lead to operational problems during the equipment’s lifetime: it may become impossible to fully load racks due to supply power limitations or because hot spots start developing. This extra data center power capacity needs to be allocated for the rare occasion where it might be needed, but in practice and cannot be used because it is held in reserve, leading to the term “stranded power.” The picture is even worse when we realize that IT equipment represents only 30 to 40 percent of the power consumption in the data center as depicted in the figure below. This means that the power forecasting in the data center must not only include the power consumed by the servers proper, but also the power consumed by the ancillary equipment, including cooling, heating and lighting, which can be over twice the power allocated to servers.Establishing a power forecast and sizing up a data center based on nameplate will lead to gross underestimation of the actual power needed and unnecessary capital expenses. The over-sizing of the power infrastructure is needed as insurance for the future because of the large uncertainty in the actual power consumption forecast. It does not reflect actual need. Initial testing performed with Baidu and China Telecom indicates that it is possible to increase rack density by 40 to 60 percent using a pre-existing data center infrastructure. Forecasting the power requirements for a server over the product’s lifetime is not an easy exercise. Server power consumption is a function of server hardware specifications and the associated software and workloads running on them. Also the server’s configuration may change over time: the machine may be retrofitted with additional memory, new processors and hard drives. This challenge is compounded by more aggressive implementations of power proportional computing: servers of a few years ago exhibited little variability between power consumption at idle and power consumption at full power. One possible strategy is to forecast power consumption using an upper bound. The most obvious upper bound is to use the plate power, that is, the power in the electrical specifications of the server. This is a number guaranteed to never be exceeded. Throwing power at the problem is not unlike the approach of throwing bandwidth at the problem in network design to compensate for lack of bandwidth allocation capability and QoS mechanisms. This approach is overly conservative because the power infrastructure is designed by adding the assumed peak power for each server over the equipment’s life time, an exceedingly unlikely event. In a previous article we explored the implementation mechanisms for monitoring and controlling the power consumed by data center servers. In this article we’ll see that an ability to trim the power consumed by servers at convenient time represents a valuable tool to reduce stranded power and take maximum advantage of the power available under the existing infrastructure. Let’s start with a small example and figure out how to optimize the power utilization in a single rack. We will explore other uses in subsequent articles such as managing servers that are overheating and dynamically allocating power to server sub-groups depending on the priority of the applications they run. Determining Total Cost of Ownership for Data Center and Network Room Infrastructure, APC Paper #6 and Avoiding Costs from Oversizing Data Center and Network Room Infrastructure, APC Paper #37, http://www.apc.com