first_imgShare on Facebook Pinterest Share on Twitter Share LinkedIncenter_img Email New research published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine — the first of its kind — has shed light on the biological effects of experiencing a BDSM interaction.The findings provide preliminary evidence that power exchanges between consensual partners result in measurable changes in biomarkers related to reward and stress.“When starting medicine, I already knew my interests lay in psychiatry and sexuality in particular,” said Elise Wuyts, a psychiatrist in training at the University of Antwerp and the corresponding author of the new study. “The opportunity to help lessen stigma surrounding BDSM, which is widely-practiced and yet poorly understood, was something I could not turn down. The fact that this kind of study had never been done before made it even more fascinating.”In the study, 35 BDSM couples recruited through the website FetLife visited a sex club, where they were instructed to “play” with their partner for 30 to 90 minutes. The participants provided blood samples immediately before, immediately after, and 15 minutes after their play session. A separate group of 27 individuals not involved in BDSM visited a sports club and also provided three blood samples.The blood samples were then analyzed to measure various hormone levels.The researchers found that levels of cortisol increased in submissive BDSM partners — but not dominant partners — as a result of the play. The findings “confirm our hypothesis that a BDSM interaction seems to elicit a stress response from the body,” the researchers said.Among dominant partners, engaging in more power play was associated with greater increases in endocannabinoid levels. In submissive partners, however, different levels of power play were not associated with differences in any of the hormones. But the presence of pain play was associated with higher levels the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol in submissive partners.“It is a clear indication that a BDSM interaction in general, and pain experience within this interaction specifically, elicits a biological pleasure response in the submissive party. Dominants, on the other hand, seem to derive more pleasure from the aspect of power play and the control they have over the submissive person,” the researchers explained.“Even though the idea of including power imbalances and pain in (sexual) intimacy is something many people struggle with, enjoying these practices has a biological basis and could for instance be compared to the pleasurable high that long-distance runners experience,” Wuyts told PsyPost.“Because this is a pilot study, it is only scratching the surface of what can be said about the biology of BDSM. This is only one study of one BDSM sample population in Belgium. It would be interesting to see if the results can be reproduced with other cultures or larger sample sizes.”“The study we’ve conducted on exploring the biology of BDSM still has a lot of data left unexplored, so we’re hopeful more interesting results will come from it,” Wuyts said.The study, “Between Pleasure and Pain: A Pilot Study on the Biological Mechanisms Associated With BDSM Interactions in Dominants and Submissives“, was authored by Elise Wuyts, Nele De Neef, Violette Coppens, Erik Fransen, Eline Schellens, Maarten Van Der Pol, and Manuel Morrens.last_img read more

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first_imgThe European Commission (EC) will launch a Europe-wide consultation on collective actions next month, as it attempts once again to harmonise laws and improve access to compensation for individuals and small businesses. Announcing the forthcoming consultation in a speech at the University of Valladolid in Spain last week, competition policy commissioner Joaquín Almunia said that citizens and businesses need effective rights to obtain compensation, regardless of where they are in Europe. Almunia, alongside consumer policy commissioner John Dalli and justice commissioner Viviane Reding, signed a joint information note last week resolving to pursue the issue of collective actions. The EC failed to push through a directive on collective actions at the end of last year, following pressure from the European Parliament, which claimed that businesses would be exposed to abusive litigation under the proposed measures. ‘Every year, large numbers of small businesses and ordinary people in the EU are effectively deprived of their rights as economic actors and as citizens,’ said Almunia. He added: ‘We must identify safeguards that will prevent importing a US-style litigation culture. Collective action in Europe has not led to abuse – and this is something we should be proud of.’ Five ‘common principles’ will underpin the collective redress policy: effective compensation for those who have suffered damage; the need for measures to avoid abusive litigation; opportunities to resolve disputes through settlements or alternative means; the ability to enforce collective judgments throughout the EU; and the provision of adequate case financing for citizens and small businesses. Almunia said that only state bodies and certified non-profit organisations would be allowed to bring actions, and that any damages awarded would go entirely to victims and not to the representative entity. He said the commission’s work, although aimed at private enforcement of competition rules, would be applied to other areas such as environment and consumer protection. The public consultation will run until February 2011. In the second half of 2011 Almunia will present a ‘specific proposal on antitrust damages actions’ to the commission, which will ‘set common standards and minimum requi­re­ments for national systems of antitrust damages actions’.last_img read more

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first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInStaff, patients and visitors can now use their phones to make calls and connect to data services using EE and soon to be VODAFONE providers.Of the possible four Major Network Operators (MNOs), only Vodafone and EE have contracted with NHS Dumfries and Galloway.Graham Gault, General Manager ICT, says: “We have been working with suppliers for many months before the opening of the New Hospital and have now overcome all major obstacles (legal and technical) to get these services available.“We are pleased to announce that the signals from EE are now live and expecting VODAFONE to be live this week (11th June) offering 2G/3G voice and 4G Data services throughout the hospital.“The design is for both VODAFONE and EE: 2G, 3G and 4G services to be fully available across the new hospital.“Patients will be able to use their personal phones for contacting relatives including in the bedrooms and across the wider hospital and staff will also be able to be contacted by family etc as required on their personal devices.“This development is complemented by the already available Free of Charge Public Wi-Fi environment, which has recently gone through a major upgrade to improve performance.“Patients will have a choice to either use Public Wi-Fi with some corporate restrictions (streaming movies etc) for data applications/services, or directly access the internet via 3G and 4G services unrestricted as per their supplier terms and conditions.“This is a major achievement by NHS Dumfries & Galloway supporting patients and staff which we are pleased has been delivered despite significant challenges.”last_img read more

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first_imgBaseball’s 2016 home run champion has finally returned to the lineup for the struggling Orioles.Sidelined with a right quad strain since spring training, Mark Trumbo was activated from the 10-day disabled list for the start of a three-game set with the Los Angeles Angels on Tuesday night. The Orioles also recalled infielder Engelb Vielma from Triple-A Norfolk and placed infielder Luis Sardinas on the DL with a lower back strain. Outfielder Joey Rickard was optioned to Norfolk after Sunday’s win over Detroit to make roster space for the returning Trumbo.The last-place Orioles hope Trumbo can provide a spark to an offense ranking 28th in the majors in runs scored per game (3.5) and tied for eighth in the American League in long balls (32). The 32-year-old was batting sixth and serving as the designated hitter for the series opener against the Angels while the hot-hitting Pedro Alvarez was making his second straight start at third base.Trumbo went a combined 5-for-24 with a double, three runs batted in, two walks, and five strikeouts in a six-game rehab assignment split between Norfolk and Double-A Bowie.The Anaheim native is coming off a down 2017 campaign in which he batted just .234 with 23 homers and a career-worst .686 on-base plus slugging percentage. Trumbo is in the second season of a three-year, $37.5 million contract signed after his 2016 All-Star campaign in which he batted .256 with 47 homers, 108 RBIs, and an .850 OPS, all career highs.last_img read more

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first_img Heung-Min Son 1 Tottenham new boy Heung-Min Son has promised fans the best is yet to come after making his debut for the club.The South Korea international played 60 minutes at the weekend as Spurs defeated Sunderland 1-0, showing glimpses of the talent he has.But, after arriving at White Hart Lane for £22m from Bayer Leverkusen, the 23-year-old has assured supporters there is far more to come.“It was amazing for me to make my debut – it’s a dream for me to play in the Premier League,” Son told the Tottenham website.“I know I can play better, but this is only my first game. Now I want more. I just need a bit of time to settle in with the team.“I’m really happy we’ve got our first win. The players were very good, but we’re looking to play much better, which we’ll see over the next few weeks.”last_img read more

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